Authors: Giorgio Previati; Massimiliano Gobbi; Giampiero Mastinu
Addresses: Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, via G. La Masa 1, 20158 Milan, Italy ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, via G. La Masa 1, 20158 Milan, Italy ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, via G. La Masa 1, 20158 Milan, Italy
Abstract: This paper deals with the estimation of the rollover limit of a farm tractor. The rollover phenomenon is investigated by considering the static stability of the farm tractor on a sloped surface. Three mathematical models are derived to understand the basic features of the rollover mechanism. The models are able to predict the (static) rollover limit for any orientation of the farm tractor with respect to the slope. The effects of tyre stiffness (vertical and lateral) and nonsymmetric implement positioning are analysed. The classical architecture of the farm tractor equipped with a pivoting front axle is compared with the adoption of a passively suspended front axle. In case of a front axle suspension, the rollover limit of the vehicle can be improved, especially when employing non-symmetric implements.
Keywords: rollover prediction; farm tractors; static stability; mathematical modelling; vehicle rollover; vehicle stability; sloped surfaces; slopes; tyre stiffness; implement positioning; farm implements.
International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2014 Vol.64 No.2/3/4, pp.280 - 303
Received: 22 Jun 2011
Accepted: 02 Jul 2012
Published online: 31 Dec 2013 *