Title: Application of space-time coding technique in maritime communication

Authors: Tushar Keshav

Addresses: Mokpo National University, South Korea; G.P.O. Box 12264, Suva, Fiji

Abstract: Development in maritime communication has swiftly increased over the past decade, however there is much more research needed to provide a perfect link. The geographically constrained nature of marine environment precludes reliable, high speed broadband wireless access at sea. To overcome this limitation, we introduce a novel approach on the application of space-time coding technique in WiMAX-based maritime communication. Since WiMAX has been lucrative in terrestrial communication system, we propose to extend the service coverage of WiMAX in marine environment. WiMAX offers a rich set of features with a number of multiple antenna techniques with their ability to exploit multipath signal propagation and achieve diversity. In this paper, we analyse the application of space-time coding technique in maritime ship-to-shore communication. In particular, we demonstrate the application of Alamouti scheme - space time block code to improve the BER of the system in various sea conditions.

Keywords: diversity; space-time coding; multiple antenna systems; maritime; worldwide interoperability for microwave access; WiMAX; maritime communications; ship-to-shore communications; shipping communications; bit error rate; BER; simulation; sea conditions.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESMS.2014.058430

International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation, 2014 Vol.6 No.1/2, pp.107 - 112

Received: 10 Jun 2013
Accepted: 09 Oct 2013

Published online: 23 Dec 2013 *

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