Title: On improving delay performance of IEEE 802.11p vehicular safety communication

Authors: Jihene Rezgui; Soumaya Cherkaoui; Omar Chakroun

Addresses: INTERLAB Research Laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada ' INTERLAB Research Laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada ' INTERLAB Research Laboratory, Université de Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada

Abstract: In this work, we present the design of an efficient Deterministic medium Access (DA) for Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC) vehicular safety communication over IEEE 802.11p, called Vehicular DA (VDA). VDA supports two types of safety services (emergency and routine safety messages) with different priorities and strict requirements on delay, especially for emergency safety messages. VDA processes both types of safety messages to maintain a balance between two conflicting requirements: reducing chances of packets collisions and lowering the transmission delay. VDA allows vehicles to access the wireless medium at selected times with a lower contention than it would otherwise be possible within two-hop neighbourhood with the classical 802.11p EDCA or DCF schemes. Besides, we propose an improvement of VDA called Dynamic VDA opportunities Re-assignment (DVR) to avoid network performance degradation caused by interference outside the two-hops. Particularly, our scheme provides an efficient adaptive adjustment of the Contention Free Period (CFP) duration to establish a priority between emergency and routine messages. Simulations show that the VDA scheme, used with 802.11p, clearly outperforms 802.11p alone in high-offered load conditions while bounding the transmission delay of safety messages. Furthermore, beyond two-hops, DVR is able to efficiently tackle the interference phenomenon by reducing losses and delays of safety applications.

Keywords: vehicular ad hoc networks; VANETs; contention-free; emergency safety messages; routine safety messages; deterministic access; delay performance; IEEE 802.11p; vehicle safety; vehicle communications; safety communications; deterministic medium access; dedicated short-range communications; network performance; simulation; interference.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAACS.2014.058016

International Journal of Autonomous and Adaptive Communications Systems, 2014 Vol.7 No.1/2, pp.91 - 109

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 30 Nov 2013 *

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