Title: The BRICS Countries as a legal dynamic network and the multilevel 'hard' EU regional structure - a comparative survey

Authors: Michele Carducci; Anna Silvia Bruno

Addresses: University of Salento, Piazza Tancredi 7, Lecce, Italy ' University of Salento, Piazza Tancredi 7, Lecce, Italy

Abstract: The paper analyses the role of the BRICS Countries, the New Leading Powers on the global scenario. The BRICS Countries are not a supranational legal order, nor an international organisation or a simple interlocutory summit. They can be described as a 'legal network' able to produce legal flow of policy transfer and constitutional borrowing. As an international 'atypical' subject, as a 'soft', 'fragmentable' model, they represent an alternative to the imitation of the mono continental and multilevel 'hard' EU regional structure and contribute to the 'fragmentation' of international law and European law itself. Furthermore, as a knowledge producer, the BRICS phenomenon it is creating new parameters, new bonds, new opportunities, strongly affected by the 'scale of values' of each single country.

Keywords: legal framework; fragmentable model; supranational legal order; legal networks; BRICS countries; Brazil; Russia; India; China; South Africa; Horizon 2020; new leading powers; NLP; policy transfer; constitutional borrowing; EU regional structure; European Union.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPLAP.2014.057882

International Journal of Public Law and Policy, 2014 Vol.4 No.1, pp.1 - 13

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 15 Oct 2013 *

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