Title: Sustainable development with renewable energy resources: a review

Authors: N.L. Panwar; V. Siva Reddy; Kumar Rakesh Ranjan; Murali Mohan Seepana; Pallavi Totlani

Addresses: Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas 110016, India ' Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas 110016, India ' Centre for Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas 110016, India ' Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas 110016, India ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, P.O. Waknaghat, Teh Kandaghat, Distt. Solan, 173 234 (H.P.), India

Abstract: The most visible effects of the sustainable development movement are found in several global issues such as the greenhouse effect, stratospheric ozone depletion, and loss of biodiversity. Combustion of fossil fuels and global warming are closely associated with each other. There is an urgent need to replace fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. Renewable energy is one of the few means by which significant cuts in greenhouse emissions can be made, utilising existing proven technology. In this paper, attempt has been made to explore the scope of renewable energy for domestic, industrial and commercial applications. It includes solar energy for cooking, water heating, drying and electricity generation by the photovoltaic system. Biodiesel and ethanol production and its applications for transportation have also been included. Brief remarks on hydrogen, fuel cell tidal and wave energy has also been included in this communication.

Keywords: global warming; renewable energy; sustainable development; environmental impact; sustainability; solar energy; solar power; photovoltaics; biodiesel; biofuels; ethanol production; hydrogen production; fuel cells; tidal energy; wave energy.

DOI: 10.1504/WRSTSD.2013.057679

World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 2013 Vol.10 No.4, pp.163 - 184

Received: 16 Feb 2011
Accepted: 13 Dec 2011

Published online: 13 Nov 2013 *

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