Authors: Kelli Larson
Addresses: Department of Accounting and Commercial Law, Hanken School of Economics, Arkadiankatu 22, P.O. Box 479, FI-00101 Helsinki, Finland
Abstract: While patents have been essential to the business models of many firms for a long time, it is only in recent years that there has been a renewed interest in how patent exploitation and enforcement may be used as an autonomous business model to generate revenues and competitive advantages. Non-practicing entities (NPEs), entities which purchase or acquire patents only to enforce them to generate revenues, have taken advantage of a business opportunity in creating various business models centred solely on the exploitation and enforcement of patent rights. However, few empirical studies have been conducted on how NPE business models precisely function, likely due to the private nature of such entities and their strategic patent transactions. This study aims to further our knowledge on the NPE phenomenon by providing a unique glimpse into the method of operations of six NPE business models and how they engage in the strategic management, exploitation and enforcement of patent rights.
Keywords: non-practicing entities; NPEs; patents; business models; patent rights; patent exploitation; patent enforcement; patent licensing; intellectual property management; IPM; case study; patent litigation; patent strategy; patent law.
International Journal of Intellectual Property Management, 2013 Vol.6 No.4, pp.294 - 315
Available online: 12 Nov 2013 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article