Title: Theoretical approach on vein graft survival: simulation on vein graft

Authors: M.N. Rahman Y.; A.B. Shahriman; Za'aba Siti Khadijah; S.A. Roohi; Wan Khairunizam

Addresses: Advanced Intelligent and Sustainability (AICoS) Research Group, MSD Lab, School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia; School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia ' Advanced Intelligent and Sustainability (AICoS) Research Group, MSD Lab, School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia; School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia ' Advanced Intelligent and Sustainability (AICoS) Research Group, MSD Lab, School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia; School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia ' Department of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Disorders, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ' Advanced Intelligent and Sustainability (AICoS) Research Group, MSD Lab, School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia; School of Mechatronic Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Main Campus, Pauh Putra, 02600 Perlis, Malaysia

Abstract: Artery reconstruction in upper extremities is rare performed compared to artery reconstruction in lower extremities. Primary vascular repair was performed in many cases. An interposition vein graft or venous bypass grafting were applied in order to alleviate thrombus in blood vessel. However, one or more of the applied vein graft are blocked or severely narrowed due to the mismatched internal diameter failure on vein graft. The objective of this study is to investigate the blood flow influence on vein graft with the mismatched internal diameter failure. The applied three dimension computational fluid dynamic was employed to determine velocity, pressure gradient, resistances of blood flow and wall shear stress on the kinked vein graft. We expect that velocity, pressure gradient, resistance of blood flow and wall shear stress on the mismatched internal diameter of vein graft model to behave non-hydraulically compared to an ideal straight graft. Furthermore, longitudinal impedance modulus (ZL) is expected to be insufficient due to the mismatched internal diameter failure on vein graft.

Keywords: upper extremities; thrombosis; computational fluid dynamics; CFD; digital artery; artery reconstruction; blood flow; vein graft survival; simulation; internal diameter failure; velocity; pressure gradient; flow resistance; wall shear stress; kinked vein grafts; modelling; longitudinal impedance modulus.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMEI.2013.057180

International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics, 2013 Vol.5 No.4, pp.279 - 288

Published online: 16 Oct 2013 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article