Authors: Chandra K. Jaggi; Suresh Kumar Goyal; P.K. Kapur; Satish K. Goel
Addresses: Department of Operational Research, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007, India ' Decision Sciences and MIS, John Molson School of Business, Concordia University Montreal, Que., H3G 1M8, Canada ' Amity International Business School, Amity University, Sector-125, Noida-201301, India ' Department of Operational Research, University of Delhi, Delhi-110007, India
Abstract: Trade credit affects the conduct of business significantly for many reasons. For the supplier who offers trade credit, it is an effective means of price discrimination as well as efficient method to stimulate the demand of his products. Trade credit in the form of permissible delay in payments has direct influence on inventory as well as on the demand of an item. Unfortunately, the influence of credit period on demand has received very little attention in the literature, whereas in reality, length of the offered credit period has positive influence on the demand rate which may be instant or delayed. Hence, to consider the flexible influence of trade credit on the demand of an item, a discrete logistic credit linked demand function has been developed which takes care of both the instant as well as delayed impact of the credit period on the demand rate. Based on the EOQ model, this paper analyses the problem of the retailer who has to decide his trade credit period and cycle length simultaneously under the two levels of trade credit policy. An example is given to illustrate the theoretical results. Computational results provide some interesting policy implications.
Keywords: inventory modelling; flexible demand; credit-linked demand; payment delays; two level credit policy; procurement policy; operational research; replenishment decisions; credit period; EOQ; economic order quantity; cycle length.
International Journal of Operational Research, 2013 Vol.18 No.3, pp.239 - 254
Available online: 21 Aug 2013 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article