Title: Evaluation of several scenarios for mixing drainage water with fresh for El Salam Canal at shortage supply of Nile water
Authors: Alaa F. Abukila; Rasha M.S. El-Kholy; Mohammed I. Kandil
Addresses: Drainage Research Institute, National Water Research Center, El-Qanater El-Khairiya, Post Code 13621/5, Egypt ' National Water Research Center, Fum Ismailiya Canal, P.O. Box 74, Shobra El-Kheima 13411, Egypt ' Drainage Research Institute, National Water Research Center, El-Qanater El-Khairiya, Post Code 13621/5, Egypt
Abstract: El Salam Canal project aims increasing the Egyptian agricultural productivity through agricultural development by irrigating about 260,400 hectare gross of new lands. In order to stretch the limited water supply to cover these new reclaimed areas, fresh water of River Nile is augmented with agriculture drainage water from Hadous and Lower Serw drains. The current proposed mixing ratio is 1:1 of drainage and freshwater, and this ratio makes a quantity of water of about 4.50 milliard m³/year. Five mixing scenarios are discussed and evaluated for calculating the most suitable quantity of freshwater for mixing with drainage water with a salinity of 950 mg/l and was to be 1,750 million m³/year.
Keywords: El Salam Canal; drainage water; fresh water; water resources management; Egypt; water shortage; Nile water; agricultural productivity; irrigation; reclaimed land; water mixing.
International Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2013 Vol.5 No.4, pp.438 - 456
Received: 06 Feb 2011
Accepted: 27 Feb 2012
Published online: 31 Oct 2013 *