Authors: Ian Longley; Gustavo Olivares
Addresses: National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd., Private Bag 99940, Auckland 1149, New Zealand ' National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research Ltd., Private Bag 99940, Auckland 1149, New Zealand
Abstract: For 40 years or more, air quality policy has been based on the paradigm of the air quality standard as a uniform criterion of acceptable environmental degradation, built on the foundations of the precautionary principle. However, developments in health science have undermined some of the underlying assumptions of this paradigm whilst technological emission controls have been offset by growing economic activity. Current trends are towards increasingly demanding notions of what constitutes acceptable air quality. Proposed future air quality standards could require a revolution in urban form and infrastructure. We need a new paradigm - sustainable air quality. In this paper, we discuss the need for a new paradigm of sustainable air quality management, its basis and what it might hope to achieve, including how further downward pressure can be exerted on emissions through urban form, urban design, transport policy and projects, energy strategy, etc.
Keywords: sustainable air quality; air quality management; emissions; health; environment; air pollution; air quality standards; New Zealand; particulate matter; PM; PM10; PM2.5; sustainable development; sustainability; urban form; urban design; transport policy; energy strategy.
International Journal of Sustainable Development, 2013 Vol.16 No.3/4, pp.235 - 245
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 27 Sep 2013 *