Title: Reliability assessment using probabilistic support vector machines

Authors: Anirban Basudhar; Samy Missoum

Addresses: Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA ' Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA

Abstract: This paper presents a methodology to calculate probabilities of failure using Probabilistic Support Vector Machines (PSVMs). Support Vector Machines (SVMs) have recently gained attention for reliability assessment because of several inherent advantages. Specifically, SVMs allow one to construct explicitly the boundary of a failure domain. In addition, they provide a technical solution for problems with discontinuities, binary responses, and multiple failure modes. However, the basic SVM boundary might be inaccurate; therefore leading to erroneous probability of failure estimates. This paper proposes to account for the inaccuracies of the SVM boundary in the calculation of the Monte Carlo-based probability of failure. This is achieved using a PSVM which provides the probability of misclassification of Monte Carlo samples. The probability of failure estimate is based on a new sigmoid-based PSVM model along with the identification of a region where the probability of misclassification is large. The PSVM-based probabilities of failure are, by construction, always more conservative than the deterministic SVM-based probability estimates.

Keywords: reliability assessment; probabilistic SVM; support vector machines; misclassification probability; failure probability; discontinuous behaviour; binary behaviour; multiple failure modes; probability estimation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRS.2013.056378

International Journal of Reliability and Safety, 2013 Vol.7 No.2, pp.156 - 173

Received: 04 Nov 2011
Accepted: 18 Nov 2012

Published online: 12 Sep 2013 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article