Authors: Isao Nakanishi; Yuuta Sodani; Shigang Li
Addresses: Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, 4-101 Koyama-minami, Tottori 680-8552, Japan ' Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, 4-101 Koyama-minami, Tottori 680-8552, Japan; Fujitsu Advanced Engineering Limited, 3-7-1 Nishishinjyuku, Shinjyuku, Tokyo 163-1018, Japan ' Graduate School of Engineering, Tottori University, 4-101 Koyama-minami, Tottori 680-8552, Japan
Abstract: Use of intra-body propagation signals has been proposed for biometric authentication. However, verification performance of the conventional method is low. To overcome this limitation, this study introduces the support vector machine (SVM) into the verification process, which improves the verification rate to approximately 83%. However, the correct acceptance rate of genuine users using only SVM is 49%, which is too low for practical applications. Thus, we introduce the concept of one versus one (1vs1) SVM. Each 1vs1 SVM distinguishes a genuine (authorised) user from another (unauthorised) user. Verification is achieved on the basis of a majority rule using plural 1vs1 SVMs related to a genuine user. The correct acceptance rate is greatly improved to 84% while maintaining equivalent verification performance. As a result, it is further confirmed that an intra-body propagation signal is a potential new biometric trait.
Keywords: biometrics; intra-body propagation signals; support vector machines; SVM; one versus one SVM; 1vs1 SVM; correct acceptance rate; biometric authentication; verification performance; authorised users; unauthorised users; majority rule; genuine users.
International Journal of Biometrics, 2013 Vol.5 No.3/4, pp.321 - 335
Received: 19 Oct 2012
Accepted: 04 Apr 2013
Published online: 22 Aug 2013 *