Title: The use of LCA studies and LCA outcomes in the decision-making processes of enterprises - discussion and conclusions on the basis of case studies
Authors: Tarja Häkkinen; Riina Antikainen; Sirje Vares; Hannele Tonteri
Addresses: VTT, P.O. Box 1000, 02040 VTT, Finland ' Finnish Environment Institute, P.O. Box 140, 00251 Helsinki, Finland ' VTT, P.O. Box 1000, 02040 VTT, Finland ' VTT, P.O. Box 1000, 02040 VTT, Finland
Abstract: The paper assesses different ways of utilising life-cycle assessment (LCA) for life-cycle management (LCM) of products. Enterprises face different kinds of barriers for the use of LCA. These are related to communication, the lack of methods and information, or access to tools and information. There are different ways available for LCA data acquisition and the use of LCA results in decision-making. These include comprehensive research projects as well as much easier processes where LCA information is collected in accordance with existing product category rules and with the help of tailored tools. The paper studies, discusses and draws conclusions about the effective use of LCA for LCM in different kinds of enterprises and in different phases of supply chains with the help of case study results and literature. The position and the role in the supply chain and the size of the enterprise significantly affect the type of LCA approach needed.
Keywords: lifecycle management; LCM; decision making; lifecycle assessment; LCA; enterprise; supply chain management; SCM; data acquisition; firm size.
International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management, 2013 Vol.6 No.3, pp.250 - 269
Accepted: 09 Apr 2013
Published online: 12 Aug 2013 *