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Title: A strategy for optimisation of cooperative platoon formation

Authors: Thanh-Son Dao; Jan Paul Huissoon; Christopher Michael Clark

Addresses: Department of Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada ' Department of Computer Science, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA

Abstract: This paper presents a direction for cooperative vehicle platoon formation. To enhance traffic safety, increase lane capacities and reduce fuel consumption, vehicles can be organised into platoons with the objective of maximising the travel distance that platoons stay intact. Towards this end, this work evaluates a proposed strategy which assigns vehicles to platoons by solving an optimisation problem. A linear model for assigning vehicles to appropriate platoons when they enter the highway is formulated. Simulation results demonstrate that lane capacity can be increased effectively when platooning operation is used.

Keywords: platoon formation; vehicle sorting; intelligent transport systems; ITS; GPS; global positioning systems; optimisation; simplex algorithm; linear programming; cooperative architecture; vehicle networks; autonomous driving; ad hoc networks; travel distance; modelling; simulation; vehicle platooning.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVICS.2013.055766

International Journal of Vehicle Information and Communication Systems, 2013 Vol.3 No.1, pp.28 - 43

Available online: 06 Aug 2013 *

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