Title: A cycle time model for analysing the efficiency of working capital management in a value chain
Authors: Sari Viskari; Timo Kärri
Addresses: Department of Industrial Management, Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FIN-53851 Lappeenranta, Finland ' Department of Industrial Management, Lappeenranta University of Technology, P.O. Box 20, FIN-53851 Lappeenranta, Finland
Abstract: When technology already enables just-in-time operations and immediate financial transactions, financial supply chain management has emphasised the importance of financial flows and working capital management, which consist of the management of inventories, accounts receivable and accounts payable. However, the literature lacks concrete models and practices to control working capital, especially in the inter-organisational context. This paper introduces a working capital management (WCM) model for analysing the efficiency of working capital management at corporation level and for observing the financing cost caused by tied-up working capital in an inter-organisational value chain. The model emphasises the benefits of a new cycle time measure, the adjusted cash conversion cycle, when observing the inter-organisational context, and when calculating the financing cost. The WCM model was applied to a value chain of four companies in the automotive industry, a raw material supplier, a component supplier, a system supplier and a car manufacturer. A numerical example of the model with the data of financial statements is shown.
Keywords: value chains; working capital management; WCM efficiency; financial supply chains; cycle time; inter-organisational value chain; modelling; supply chain management; SCM; financial flows; adjusted cash conversion cycle; automotive suppliers; automobile industry.
International Journal of Business Performance and Supply Chain Modelling, 2013 Vol.5 No.3, pp.221 - 238
Available online: 05 Aug 2013 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article