Title: Effect of investments in information technology on bank performance: empirical evidence from Indian public sector banks

Authors: Hitesh Arora; Padmasai Arora

Addresses: FORE School of Management, B-18, Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi – 110 016, India ' Keshav Mahavidyalaya, University of Delhi, H-4-5 Zone, Pitampura, Delhi-110 035, India

Abstract: Investments in information technology (IT) made in hope of achieving higher profits and returns may not provide anticipated 'gains' within a required time frame giving rise to a 'performance-paradox'. This paper investigates whether huge amounts spent on IT in Indian public sector banks (PSBs) over the past decade have had an effect on bank performance. Four measures namely, amount of operating profits (OP), profits per employee (PPE), business per employee (BPE) and return on assets (ROA) are taken as indicators of bank performance. The method of first differences regression, two-stage GLS and GMM are used to estimate the parameters of panel data consisting of 27 PSBs over the period 2004 to 2009. We found that investment in IT has had significant positive impacts on OP and PPE. We interpret this result as evidence of higher profits as well as profitability due to IT innovations in bank working. Results are inconclusive as far as impact on BPE is concerned. The study, however, could not find evidence of a significant relationship between investment in IT and ROA. This study thus, finds evidence that heavy investments in IT in Indian PSBs have not been wasteful and have led to enhanced profits.

Keywords: information technology; IT investment; computerisation; banking; bank performance; India; public sector banks; PSBs; operating profits; profits per employee; business per employee; return on assets; ROA; profitability.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBIS.2013.055298

International Journal of Business Information Systems, 2013 Vol.13 No.4, pp.400 - 417

Published online: 27 Sep 2013 *

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