Title: Hydraulic actuation system with active control for the lateral suspensions of high speed trains
Authors: Gualtiero Balossini; Laura Gastaldi; Giovanni Jacazio; Alberto Magnani
Addresses: Microtecnica, Località Bocciardino, Luserna San Giovanni (TO) 10062, Italy ' Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, Torino 10129, Italy ' Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, Torino 10129, Italy ' Alstom Ferroviaria, Via Ottavio Moreno 23, Savigliano 12038, Italy
Abstract: High speed trains normally use actively controlled pneumatic systems to recentre the car body with respect to the bogie when the train negotiates a curve. Pneumatic systems are used because of their softness, which adds a little contribution to the elastic force generated by the mechanical springs of the lateral suspension system, thereby allowing the necessary dynamic isolation between car body and bogie. However, pneumatic systems have the drawbacks of large dimensions and slow response, often accompanied by a few damped oscillations. An innovative solution was developed that makes use of hydraulic actuators, providing them with artificial compliance generated by an appropriate control, hence making the hydraulic actuators suitable for this application. A car body centring system is thus obtained that presents fast response, small volume and a softness comparable to that of a pneumatic system. The optimal control law for this system was defined, the system dynamic characteristics were analysed and a technological demonstrator was built to assess the system merits. The paper outlines the theoretical grounds for the system control, its performance and the most significant results obtained during a test campaign conducted on the technological demonstrator.
Keywords: lateral suspension; high speed trains; hydraulic suspension; active control; hydraulic actuators; car body centring; optimal control; railways; train suspension.
International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 2013 Vol.20 No.3, pp.236 - 252
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 22 May 2013 *