Title: Operating effort and related statistical tolerance analyses of automotive latching mechanisms

Authors: Young J. Chiang, G.C. Barber

Addresses: Robust Engineering Company, 24690 Picara Drive, Novi, MI 48374, USA. ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309, USA

Abstract: In an automotive door latch system, the pawl is employed to secure the ratchet, which is engaged with the striker to assure that the door is in a closed position. To secure a door in a closed position is called latching which is defined mathematically in this paper. When the paddle of a handle assembly rotates, a passenger would anticipate exerting a release effort (either moment or force) on the pawl and having a proper pawl rotation in order to open the door. An equation for the release effort required for rotating the pawl is derived. When the door is being closed, the final cinch effort is the key to assuring successful full latching. An equation for the cinch effort is formulated. Monte Carlo simulations based on Weibull distribution functions are then employed to explore the robustness of these three operating efforts: latching, release effort, and cinch effort. The study is limited to low-speed operations.

Keywords: automotive door latch system; door release; cinch efforts; federal motor vehicle safety standards; FMVSS No. 206; latching; Monte Carlo simulation; SAEJ839 JUN91; Weibull distribution functions; statistical tolerance analysis.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMPT.2002.005462

International Journal of Materials and Product Technology, 2002 Vol.17 No.5/6, pp.353 - 367

Published online: 11 Oct 2004 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article