Title: A combined suspension seat-vehicle driver model for estimating the exposure to whole-body vehicular vibration and shock
Authors: P.E. Boileau, S. Rakheja, P.J. Liu
Addresses: IRSST, 505 De Maisonneuve West, Montreal, Quebec H3A 3C2, Canada. ' Concave Research Centre, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve W., Montreal, Quebec H3G 1M8, Canada. ' Concave Research Centre, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Concordia University, 1455 De Maisonneuve W., Montreal, Quebec H3G 1M8, Canada
Abstract: A nonlinear single-degree-of-freedom suspension seat model is combined with a four-degree-of-freedom vehicle driver model derived from the biodynamic response characteristics of the seated body under typical vehicular vibration in the 0 to 10 Hz frequency range. The vertical whole-body biodynamic response behaviour, in terms of driving-point mechanical impedance and seat-to-head transmissibility, was established for seated subjects maintaining a predefined driving posture under the influence of excitations characterizing the vibration in particular classes of off-road vehicles. The combined suspension seat-driver model is analysed under random and shock excitations predominant at frequencies below 10 Hz, and the vibration exposure levels are computed at the driver-seat interface using various assessment methods defined in the current IS0 2631/1 standard and its proposed revised version. A methodology is applied to compute the exposure levels in terms of frequency-weighted root-mean-square and rootmean-quad accelerations in the convenient frequency domain. The combined suspension seat-vehicle driver model is validated by comparing the exposure levels computed from the model with those measured with a subject seated on a low natural frequency suspension seat, mounted on a whole-body vehicular vibration simulator, driven by the corresponding types of random and shock excitations. Good agreement is obtained between the measured data and the computed response for both categories of excitations. The proposed model is further used to estimate the driver|s response and the seat performance as a function of the severity of the shock excitation and vehicle speed. The study indicates that the suspension seat-driver system performs very poorly under high level shock excitations due to interactions with the bump stops.
Keywords: biodynamic modelling; frequency-weighted acceleration; model validation; shock response; bump stops; vehicular vibration; suspension seat models; vehicle driver models.
International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 1997 Vol.4 No.2/3/4, pp.244 - 265
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