Title: Advanced structure methodologies for next-generation ground vehicles. Part 1: Basic theories

Authors: C. Pierre, N. Vlahopoulos, Z.D. Ma, M.P. Castanier, S.-Y. Lee, A. Wang, K.K. Choi, N.H. Kim, J. Dong

Addresses: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. ' University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. ' University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. ' University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. ' University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. ' University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 USA. ' University of Iowa, Iowa City IA 52242, USA. ' University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 132611, USA. ' University of Iowa, Iowa City IA 52242, USA

Abstract: One of the major objectives of the Automotive Research Center (a US Army TACOM Center of Excellence for the modelling and simulation of ground vehicles at the University of Michigan) is to develop new methodologies for advanced structures and materials for next-generation ground vehicles. Several major developments in this area are detailed in this paper. First, an advanced topology optimisation technique is presented, which provides a tool for laying out new, conceptually advanced designs for vehicle structures, or substructures, to achieve the lower weight and higher performance requirements for next-generation ground vehicles. Second, a ||sizing|| design optimisation process is presented for detailed design changes in order to improve the vibro-acoustic response of a complex vehicle structure. This process incorporates efficient analysis and sensitivity analysis capabilities for vibro-acoustic systems. In addition, a component-based technique is presented for generating reduced-order models of a vehicle structure in order to lower the computational costs of vibration analysis. This technique is also extended to analysing vibration transmission in a complex vehicle structural system to determine the power flow among components and the effect of parameter uncertainties. Finally, an energy boundary element analysis method is presented for efficient and accurate high-frequency noise analysis, which extends the capability for predicting the acoustic field around the vehicle due to various sources.

Keywords: advanced materials; advanced structures; ground vehicles; topology optimisation; advanced design; design optimisation; vehicle design; vibro-acoustic response; vehicle structures; vibration analysis; boundary element method; BEM; noise analysis; simulation.

DOI: 10.1504/IJHVS.2004.005451

International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 2004 Vol.11 No.3/4, pp.257 - 281

Published online: 04 Oct 2004 *

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