Title: Superparamagnetic behaviour and deviation from Bloch T3/2 law of La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 nanoparticles

Authors: Do Hung Manh; Tran Dang Thanh; Nguyen Van Chien; Vu Dinh Lam; Le Van Hong; Nguyen Xuan Phuc; Pham Thanh Phong

Addresses: Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Hanoi, Vietnam ' Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Hanoi, Vietnam ' Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Hanoi, Vietnam ' Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Hanoi, Vietnam ' Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Hanoi, Vietnam ' Institute of Materials Science, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet Road, Cau Giay Distr., Hanoi, Vietnam ' Nha Trang Pedagogic College, 01 Nguyen Chanh Street, Nha Trang City, Khanh Hoa Province, Vietnam

Abstract: In this study, we investigated superparamagnetism behaviour and saturation magnetisation of single-phase, nanocrystalline, granular La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 (LCMO) samples synthesised by reactive milling method. The superparamagnetic behaviour of as-milled samples with various milling times was studied in the temperature range from 200 K to 300 K. The saturation magnetisation of the samples increased from 14.7 to 36.8 emu/g with higher values corresponding to shorter milling time. The observed un-overlapping of the scaled M(Hext, T)/MS versus Hext/T plots and the Curie-Weiss like behaviour of the dc-susceptibility at high temperatures provide evidence that the nanoparticles are interacting superparamagnetic ensembles. The magnetisation curves of interacting nanoparticles were well described by the argument-corrected Langevin function. The saturation magnetisation versus temperature showed a Tε dependence with ε deviated from 3/2 (value for the Bloch law), which increased with decreasing of the milling time.

Keywords: perovskite; reactive milling; particle size; nanoparticles; Curie-Weiss like behaviour; nanotechnology; superparamagnetism.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2013.053132

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2013 Vol.10 No.3/4, pp.197 - 205

Available online: 05 Apr 2013 *

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