Title: Review of mathematical human models for incorporation into vehicle safety design

Authors: King H. Yang

Addresses: Bioengineering Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.

Abstract: In this paper, mathematical models published in the last decade for impact simulations were reviewed. Modelling of the human anatomy is very promising in terms of providing additional protection to vehicle occupants, although it is still in its infancy. Many component models and whole body models have already been developed for the evaluation of occupant kinematics during crashes and the investigation of injury mechanisms. The success of these efforts indicates that it is feasible for a versatile human model to be developed. However, cooperation between industry and academia, as well as agencies that establish automotive safety regulations, is vital for the success of developing a universally accepted human model. By combining resources, redundancy can be minimised and results of such a collaborative research effort are likely to have a notable impact on the preservation of human life through injury prevention.

Keywords: biomechanics; crashworthiness; human models; injury prevention; occupant safety; vehicle safety; impact simulation; occupant kinematics; injury mechanisms.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVD.2001.005216

International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2001 Vol.26 No.4, pp.430 - 441

Available online: 11 Sep 2004 *

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