Title: Analysis of emerging psychosocial risk factors in a municipal service - working conditions beyond the obvious
Authors: Catarina Silva; Cláudia Costa; David Saraiva
Addresses: Secção de Ergonomia, CIPER, Fac Motricidade Humana, Univ Tec Lisboa, Estrada da Costa 1499-002, Cruz Quebrada – Dafundo, Lisboa, Portugal ' Serviços Municipalizados de Água e Saneamento de Oeiras e Amadora, Av. Dr. Francisco Sá Carneiro, 19 Urbanização Moinho das Antas, 2784-541 Oeiras, Portugal ' Fac Motricidade Humana, Univ Tecn Lisboa, Estrada da Costa 1499-002, Cruz Quebrada – Dafundo, Lisboa, Portugal
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the less visible side effects of work on health - psychosocial risk factors - among 351 workers divided into two groups - white-collar and blue-collar - both belonging to a municipal public service. A Portuguese survey was used to collect the subjective perception of work constraints and characteristics, as well as, health and well-being complaints. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed for all questions in the inquiry and logistic regression models were used to find out associations between working conditions and both health and well-being complaints. The white-collar group results showed that, besides the office work common characteristics, this group is exposed to an intensification phenomenon with negative impacts on health - sleep disturbances, pain and emotional reactions. The blue-collar group results showed that this group is exposed not only to environmental and physical exertion constraints, but also to work pace and relationship constraints which have physical, psychological and behavioural effects on individuals.
Keywords: psychosocial risk factors; white collar workers; blue collar workers; municipal services; survey; perceived health; well-being; public services; Portugal; working conditions; physical effects; psychological effects; behavioural effects.
International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics, 2012 Vol.1 No.4, pp.333 - 350
Received: 22 Jul 2012
Accepted: 17 Sep 2012
Published online: 09 Feb 2013 *