Title: Government role in information and communications technology innovations

Authors: Mostafa Hashem Sherif; DongBack Seo

Addresses: 60 Beaumont Court, Tinton Falls, NJ 07724, USA ' Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Nettelbosje 2, 9747 AE Groningen, The Netherlands; Hansung University, 116 Samseongyoro-16gil Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-792, South Korea

Abstract: In this paper, we present a framework to analyse the effectiveness of public policies in the area of information and communications technology (ICT). The framework combines technological changes and changes to the overall value chain in the development and commercialisation of the technology. Innovations can be categorised into four types - incremental, architectural, platform, and radical. Examples illustrate each kind and show the distinction between innovations in equipment and innovations in services. The perception of an innovation based on the same technology can therefore differ according to the firm's position in the value chain. The framework can be used to evaluate and guide government interventions to promote industrial development, including standardisation. The examples in the paper are from applications using the licensed part of the electromagnetic spectrum (cellular communication, high-definition television) where governments intervene by default. We propose that this framework be used to improve the current patent system for architecture innovations.

Keywords: ICT standards; public policy; cellular communications; wireless communications; technological innovation; high-definition television; HDTV; government role; information and communications technology; information technology; ICT innovation; government intervention; industrial development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTMKT.2013.051964

International Journal of Technology Marketing, 2013 Vol.8 No.1, pp.4 - 23

Available online: 04 Feb 2013 *

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