Authors: Mario Coccia; Ugo Finardi
Addresses: CNR – National Research Council of Italy, CNR-CERIS – Institute of Economic Research on Firm and Growth, Via Real Collegio, n. 30, 10024 Moncalieri, Torino, Italy; Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Public Policy, 685 Cherry Street, N.W., Atlanta, 30332-0345, Georgia, USA ' Department of Chemistry and NIS – Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces Centre of Excellence, University of Torino, Via P. Giuria, n. 7, 10125, Torino, Italy; CNR – National Research Council of Italy, CNR-CERIS – Institute of Economic Research on Firm and Growth, Via Real Collegio, n. 30, 10024 Moncalieri, Torino, Italy
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to measure and analyse the rate of scientific and technological advance of some emerging nanotechnological research fields in biomedicine to detect path-breaking technological trajectories. The approach, based on exponential models of growth, shows the current evolutionary trends of nano-research that may underpin future patterns of technological innovation in biomedicine and nanomedicine. In particular, results show that biosensors, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes and nanomicelles have innovative applications in diagnostics and targeted therapies for cancers that have been generating a revolution in clinical practice. The present study also detects two main determinants that have been supporting continuous diffusion of nano-technology in biomedicine: convergence of genetics, genomics and nanotechnology and multiplicity of learning processes in clinical research/practice. These drivers have been paving groundbreaking pathways in biomedicine that can lead to longer, better and healthier living of societies in not-too-distant future.
Keywords: nanotechnology; nanoscience; emerging technologies; biomedicine; nanomedicine; nanoparticles; quantum dots; drug delivery; technological innovation; cancer treatment; biosensors; carbon nanotubes; CNTs; nanomicelles; genetics; genomics; learning processes.
International Journal of Biomedical Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2012 Vol.2 No.3/4, pp.299 - 317
Received: 13 Apr 2012
Accepted: 12 Jul 2012
Published online: 15 Nov 2014 *