Title: Diagnostics for pretesting questionnaires: a comparative analysis

Authors: Tarun Nanda; Himanshu Gupta; Manjeet Kharub; Navdeep Singh

Addresses: Mechanical Engineering Department, Thapar University, Patiala, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, M.E (Production and Industrial Engineering), Thapar University, Patiala, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, M.E (Production and Industrial Engineering), Thapar University, Patiala, India ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, M.E (Production and Industrial Engineering), Thapar University, Patiala, India

Abstract: Nowadays, most of the researchers are of the view that if they easily get the answers to their questions in the questionnaire or if the questions used in their research are taken from some other research, there is little need to pre-test them. However, there are numerous problems in questions, which can be identified only by pretesting the questions. Questionnaire testing is an iterative process, which requires the application of different subsets of testing methods. Only with the choice of different testing methods, it is possible to detect different kinds of problems. An adequate questionnaire evolution process, therefore, usually requires a well-balanced mix of various methods, which have to be applied at different stages of the development process. The result of each method improves specific aspects of the questionnaire. The aim of the recommendations presented in this paper is to give an introduction to widely accepted methods, to explain their objectives and specific qualities, to discuss their advantages and drawbacks and to provide information during which stage or phase of the testing they are optimally applied.

Keywords: pre-testing techniques; informal testing; cognitive interviews; behaviour coding; respondent debriefing; expert groups; interviewer debriefing; questionnaire testing; research questionnaires.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTPM.2013.051008

International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management, 2013 Vol.13 No.1, pp.67 - 79

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 13 Dec 2012 *

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