Title: Towards a framework for applying US economic sanctions

Authors: Zahir A. Quraeshi; Mushtaq Luqmani; Ugur Yavas

Addresses: Haworth College of Business, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008, USA. ' Haworth College of Business, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, Michigan 49008, USA. ' Department of Management and Marketing, East Tennessee State University, P.O. Box 70625, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA

Abstract: US economic sanctions, in the opinion of most observers, have not succeeded in attaining the desired objectives. Sanctions often impact US businesses negatively as well as other domestic and foreign constituencies. Our review of economic sanctions suggests that the US should adopt a phased approach in imposing sanctions. In the pre-economic sanctions phase, the US Government should pursue a strategy of engagement using specific incentives (and penalties) to change a targeted country's offensive behaviour. If engagement is unsuccessful, the second phase should include identifying a range of economic sanctions to achieve clearly stated objectives and assessing their potential impact on various groups. In the third phase, the US Government would impose sanctions, monitoring them regularly to determine if they should be adjusted or rescinded. The framework in this paper for all three phases may help to develop a systematic process for applying sanctions.

Keywords: economic sanctions; US sanctions policy; business impact; sanctions framework; sanctions management; USA; United States; phased approach.

DOI: 10.1504/WREMSD.2013.050938

World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 2013 Vol.9 No.1, pp.114 - 130

Available online: 10 Dec 2012 *

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