Authors: Guillaume Guérard; Soufian Ben Amor; Alain Bui
Addresses: Laboratory PRiSM CaRO, 45, Avenue des États-Unis, Versailles, 78000, France. ' Laboratory PRiSM CaRO, 45, Avenue des États-Unis, Versailles, 78000, France. ' Laboratory PRiSM CaRO, 45, Avenue des États-Unis, Versailles, 78000, France
Abstract: Smart grid is a vague concept with little theoretical studies. We propose in this paper a state of the art on smart grids to clarify the concept and identify the important issues. We analyse different visions to bring out the characteristics of smart grids. This term refers to an electrical optimised network integrating the behaviour and actions of users (generators, consumers, consume-actors, etc.). These power grid's upgrades aim: to improve quality and security, to reduce environmental impact, and allow consumers to play a regulation role in the system. Current simulations are done on specific cases and with a limited evolution. A better knowledge of the smart grid structure and characteristics would give a more effective and more efficient, global modelling. Smart grids have many characteristics corresponding to complex systems. We propose to analyse these similarities to reach a better understanding and a holistic view of smart grid's concept.
Keywords: smart grids; grid modelling; complex system; multi-agent systems; MAS; emergence; self-organisation; survey; agent-based systems; power grid; simulation.
International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications, 2012 Vol.4 No.4, pp.262 - 279
Received: 01 May 2012
Accepted: 14 Jun 2012
Published online: 04 Dec 2012 *