Title: Effect assessment of temperature on biogas production from bovine rumen and banana (Musa acuminata) stem undergoing anaerobic codigestion

Authors: Sergio E. Arango Osorno; Jorge Montoya; Gustavo Peñuela

Addresses: INTEGRA and GDCON Research Groups, Cr 53 No. 61 – 30. Medellín, Colombia ' INTEGRA Research Group, Technological of Antioquia – University Institution, Calle 78B No. 72A – 220. Medellín, Colombia ' Laboratory Research of Group Diagnosis and Control of Pollution (GDCON), University Research Headquarters, University of Antioquia, Cr 53 No. 61 -30. Medellín, Colombia

Abstract: In this research banana (Musa acuminata) stem waste and bovine rumen were taken to undergo degradation by anaerobic codigestion. The stem and rumen were mixed to obtain four ratios of substrate and three replicates were taken for each. 750 mL bioreactors were used, with a 3 temperature factorial arrangement (25, 35 and 45°C). Initial conditions and final physicochemical parameters were analysed. The total Chemical Oxygen Demand removal (CODr) was 13.5 and 41.8% and Volatile Solids (VS) removal only between 12.8-50.9%. The methane content in each of the bioreactors was measured by gas chromatography for 40 days. The temperature that gave the highest methane production was 45°C, followed by 35°C and 25°C, with values of 1250.1, 1018.2 and 885.7 mL, respectively.

Keywords: anaerobic codigestion; methane production; banana stems; bovine rumen; greenhouse gases; GHG emissions; waste management; anaerobic digestion; temperature; biogas production; Musa acuminata; chemical oxygen demand; COD removal; volatile solids; bioreactors.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEE.2012.050794

International Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2012 Vol.4 No.3/4, pp.197 - 209

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 02 Dec 2012 *

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