Title: Elite capture in local fishery management - experiences from post-socialist Albania

Authors: Oscar Schmidt; Insa Theesfeld

Addresses: Division of Resource Economics, Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Unter den Linden 6, D-10999 Berlin, Germany. ' Department of External Environment for Agriculture and Policy Analysis, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), Theodor-Lieser-Str.2, D-06120 Halle (Saale), Germany

Abstract: Local governance based on institutions for collective action can help overcome social dilemmas in natural and agricultural resource management. A common path towards local governance is decentralisation, and within this context, a transfer of property rights from central government to local resource users. Yet, despite the successes of many decentralisation policies, the phenomenon of elite capture remains a risk. Our paper investigates elite capture in Albania's Lake Ohrid fishing region. We aim to contribute to the state of knowledge by identifying determinants for elite capture. Our empirical case shows how 'blueprint' approaches, top-down implementation, and weak institutions led to further empowerment of privileged locals, who realise personal gains at the expense of distributional inequity within the community. Specifically original insights are derived from our analysis of implications from the post-socialist context, which we show to facilitate capture due to a common susceptibility for destructive leadership and lacking confidence in collective action.

Keywords: local governance; elite capture; decentralisation; fishery management; Albania; Lake Ohrid; fishing regions; fisheries; personal gain; distributional inequity; collective action; social dilemmas; natural resource management; agricultural resource management.

DOI: 10.1504/IJARGE.2012.050325

International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 2012 Vol.9 No.3/4, pp.103 - 120

Available online: 15 Nov 2012 *

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