Title: Influence of wheel-terrain parameters and multi-objective optimisation of wheel slippage for wheeled robots in rough terrain

Authors: Ozoemena Anthony Ani; He Xu; Shaogang Liu; Mahesh Kumar Isher

Addresses: Wheel Robotics/Mechatronics Laboratory, College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, 150001 Harbin, China. ' Wheel Robotics/Mechatronics Laboratory, College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, 150001 Harbin, China. ' Wheel Robotics/Mechatronics Laboratory, College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, 150001 Harbin, China. ' Wheel Robotics/Mechatronics Laboratory, College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, 150001 Harbin, China

Abstract: With the rapidly increasing applications of wheeled mobile robots in both planetary and terrestrial missions, more attention is being paid to autonomous navigation in rough and deformable terrain. Development of effective traction and motion control algorithms require good knowledge of the wheel-terrain parameters. This paper presents an analytical model and numerical simulation showing the influence of rotation angle (θ), sinkage (z) and wheel radius (r) on wheel slippage (S). It is found that as radius increases, slippage decreases until a certain optimum range 0.08 m to 0.18 m, after which increase in radius indicated no significant change in slippage. Sinkage and rotation angle increases as slippage increases. A multi-objective optimisation problem with slippage as the utility function is formulated and solved in MATLAB; the results reveal the optimal values of wheel radius, width, velocity, sinkage and rotation angle required to maintain optimum slippage and hence optimum traction in a dry sandy terrain.

Keywords: autonomous robots; wheeled robots; mobile robots; AWMR; terramechanics; traction; motion control; soil shear failure; wheel-terrain parameters; multi-objective optimisation; wheel slippage; rough terrain; robot motion; rotation angle; sinkage; wheel radius.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMA.2012.049401

International Journal of Mechatronics and Automation, 2012 Vol.2 No.3, pp.195 - 206

Received: 22 Mar 2012
Accepted: 14 Jul 2012

Published online: 02 Oct 2012 *

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