Title: Waste quantification models for estimation of construction and demolition waste generation: a review

Authors: Ahmad Firman Masudi; Che Rosmani Che Hassan; Noor Zalina Mahmood; Siti Nazziera Mokhtar; Nik Meriam Sulaiman

Addresses: Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ' Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ' Faculty of Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ' Faculty of Science, Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ' Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract: Quantification is crucial for construction and demolition waste management. Accurate estimation can be satisfied by developing waste quantification model that is applicable for regional or nation-wide C&D waste generation. This paper presents a review on quantification models for C&D waste from literatures and how they correlate. Most studies combine the empirical waste assessment data or waste generation factor obtained in the field with area of activity level extracted from national statistical database from their respective countries, which provides annual data on sector activities. National or regional estimates provide general figures and forecasts for annual C&D waste generation. Studies found that waste generation factor will differs according to locations. Since volume and characteristic of waste are crucial for waste quantification, quantitative data record from waste audit findings could benefit the authorities for the annual estimates. National C&D waste reduction plan should start from well-established waste minimisation plan at project sites.

Keywords: construction and demolition waste; C&D waste; C&D debris; waste estimation; waste quantification modelling; waste generation; waste management; construction waste.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2012.049378

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 2012 Vol.12 No.2/3/4, pp.269 - 281

Received: 12 Feb 2011
Accepted: 22 Aug 2011

Published online: 02 Oct 2012 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article