Title: A non-linear complex diffusion based filter adapted to Rayleigh's speckle noise for de-speckling ultrasound images

Authors: Subodh Srivastava; Rajeev Srivastava; Neeraj Sharma; S.K. Singh; Shiru Sharma

Addresses: School of Bio-Medical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (ITBHU), Varanasi-221005, UP, India ' Department of Computer Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (ITBHU), Varanasi-221005, UP, India ' School of Bio-Medical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (ITBHU), Varanasi-221005, UP, India ' Department of Computer Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (ITBHU), Varanasi-221005, UP, India ' School of Bio-Medical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (ITBHU), Varanasi-221005, UP, India

Abstract: In this paper, an edge and structure preserving non-linear complex diffusion based filter adapted to Rayleigh's speckle noise for speckle reduction from 2D ultrasound images is proposed and implemented in MATLAB 7.0. The initial condition of the proposed filter is the speckle noised ultrasound image and the speckle-reduced image is obtained after certain iterations of the filter till its convergence. For digital implementations, the proposed scheme has been discretised using the finite difference scheme. The performance of the proposed complex diffusion-based filter has been evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively. A comparative study of the proposed scheme with other standard speckle reduction schemes such as the homomorphic Wiener filter, the Lee filter, the Frost filter, the Kuan filter and the Speckle Reducing Anisotropic Diffusion (SRAD) filter for several ultrasound images with varying amounts of speckle noise variance is also presented. The obtained results show that the proposed nonlinear complex diffusion-based scheme performs better than all other schemes in consideration and is also well capable of preserving edges and fine structures from ultrasound images during speckle reduction.

Keywords: medical imaging; image processing; speckle reduction; 2D B-scan ultrasound images; Rayleigh speckle noise; nonlinear filters; performance comparison; finite difference method.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBET.2012.049362

International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology, 2012 Vol.10 No.2, pp.101 - 117

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 01 Oct 2012 *

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