Title: The relativity of HR systems: conceptualising the impact of desired employee contributions and HR philosophy

Authors: David P. Lepak, Jennifer A. Marrone, Riki Takeuchi

Addresses: School of Management and Labor Relations, Rutgers University, 94 Rockafeller Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA. ' Seattle University, Albers School of Business and Economics, 900 Broadway, Seattle, WA 98122-4340, USA. ' Department of Management of Organizations, School of Business and Management, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Abstract: In this paper, we offer a framework for conceptualising and investigating the relativity of human resource (HR) systems across organisations and some of the reasons behind this relativity. We do so by extending the behavioural perspective in strategic HR management research and argue that two variables, HR philosophy and desired employee contributions, play an instrumental role in organisational choices regarding the types of HR policies used to manage employees within and across organisations. We propose that the dimensions of desired employee contributions determine which sets of HR policies are feasible while HR philosophy governs the specific choices of HR policies within firms. Future directions and implications are also discussed.

Keywords: strategic human resource management; HR philosophy; desired employee contributions; HRM.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.2004.004907

International Journal of Technology Management, 2004 Vol.27 No.6/7, pp.639 - 655

Published online: 26 Jul 2004 *

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