Title: Fuzzy logic-based transmission power control algorithm for energy efficient MAC protocol in wireless sensor networks

Authors: Ramakrishnan Sabitha; Thangavelu Thyagarajan

Addresses: Department of Instrumentation Engineering, MIT Campus, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 600044, India. ' Department of Instrumentation Engineering, MIT Campus, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, 600044, India

Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the impact of a fuzzy logic control-based transmission power control in a wireless sensor network on the quality of service aspects like average power, energy efficiency, throughput and average end-to-end delay. The transmission power control algorithm is implemented in the medium access control layer as an enhancement for wireless MAC Standard IEEE 802.15.4. For a given fading channel, observations are made regarding received signal strength variations and link quality variations for different distances of separation between transmitter and receiver. The membership functions for the fuzzy logic are then formulated for efficient transmission power control. The transmission power of the source node along with the received signal strength indicator and link quality indicator values measured at the receiving node is used for deciding the required transmission power. The performance of this fuzzy logic-based transmission power control (FTPC_MAC) scheme is compared with the standard IEEE 802.15.4 MAC protocol (IEEE_MAC) and also with location prediction-based transmission power control (LPTPC_MAC). Analytical and simulation results show that fuzzy logic-based transmission power control performs better than the other two MAC protocols.

Keywords: wireless sensor networks; WSNs; medium access control; MAC; transmission power control; TPC; received signal strength indicator; RSSI; link quality indicator; LQI; fuzzy logic control; FLC; wireless networks; fuzzy cotrol.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCNDS.2012.048873

International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, 2012 Vol.9 No.3/4, pp.247 - 265

Published online: 30 Aug 2014 *

Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article