Title: Reforming central government accounting in diverse contexts: a three-country comparison

Authors: Pawan Adhikari; Konstantin Timoshenko; Levi Gårseth-Nesbakk

Addresses: Essex Business School, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, UK. ' Bodø Graduate School of Business, University of Nordland, 8049 Bodø, Norway. ' Bodø Graduate School of Business, University of Nordland, 8049 Bodø, Norway

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to unravel similarities and differences across countries approaching the accrual accounting model, yet being situated in diverse institutional contexts. We tackle this by conducting a comparative study of accounting developments in three heterogeneous settings, namely Nepal, Norway, and Russia. The selection of settings is designed in a way to observe commonalities and variations in approaching accounting reforms between one of the poorest countries on earth, one of the richest nations, and one of the world's growing superpowers. This study draws on institutional theory, particularly the DiMaggio and Powell's (1983) idea of how organisations comply with institutional requirements in framing rules and practices. Document search represents the major method of collecting data. As our evidence shows, the institutional forces identified across the three settings were not of one single kind, but rather from segmented institutional environments.

Keywords: central government accounting; comparative study; accounting reforms; accrual accounting; Nepal; Norway; Russia; IPSAS; International Public Sector Accounting Standards.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPSPM.2012.048743

International Journal of Public Sector Performance Management, 2012 Vol.2 No.1, pp.44 - 60

Published online: 15 Nov 2014 *

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