Authors: Alaa F. Abukila; Rasha M.S. El-Kholy; Mohammed I. Kandil
Addresses: Drainage Research Institute, National Water Research Center, El-Qanater El-Khairiya, Post Code 13621/5, Egypt. ' National Water Research Center, Fum Ismailiya Canal, P.O. Box 74, Shobra El-Kheima 13411, Egypt. ' Drainage Research Institute, National Water Research Center, El-Qanater El-Khairiya, Post Code 13621/5, Egypt
Abstract: The Government of Egypt implemented El Salam Canal project to reuse drainage water, to create new communities along the Canal and to re-chart Egypt's population map. The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the quantity of the drainage water which feed El-Salam Canal, and the quality of water discharge through the course of El Salam Canal. This paper assesses water quality of El Salam Canal for irrigation use and employs newly developed Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment water quality index (CCME WQI) which provides a convenient mean of summarising complex water quality data. The index produces a number between 0 (worst) to 100 (best) to reflect the water quality. According to CCME WQI water quality of El Salam Canal reaches ranked between good to fair based on their water quality.
Keywords: El Salam Canal; water resources management; water quality index; Egypt; water management; drainage water; water discharge; irrigation use.
International Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2012 Vol.4 No.1/2, pp.34 - 54
Accepted: 09 Sep 2011
Published online: 31 Dec 2014 *