Authors: Denis A. Coelho
Addresses: Human Technology Group, Department Electromechanical Engineering, Universidade da Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
Abstract: Given the complexity of problems and diverse reality of industrially developing countries (IDCs), the goals for ergonomic action vary greatly according to the particular case and scenario at hand. This editorial proposes a multi-dimensional approach to reflect on the complexity of ergonomic needs in developing countries, focusing on development aid. The latter can be a means of promoting consideration of ergonomics contributions, at both the planning and deployment stages of this kind of programmes. A set of development programmes, adopting a systemic design approach, is reviewed, with a focus on ergonomics. It is argued that macro-ergonomics can give important contributions towards achieving sustainable development, and, albeit indirectly, in mitigating the consequences of natural disasters. Recognising the urgency in achieving sustainable development, a set of examples illustrating transitioning between goals for ergonomics intervention, as development progresses, is discussed from a practical perspective.
Keywords: macro-ergonomics; ergonomics goal hierarchy; systemic design; development aid; sustainability; developing countries; natural disasters; sustainable development; industrial development; ergonomics intervention.
International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics, 2012 Vol.1 No.2, pp.117 - 126
Published online: 17 Jul 2012 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article