Title: A genetic algorithm-based fuzzy goal programming approach for solving fractional bilevel programming problems

Authors: Bijay Baran Pal; Somsubhra Gupta

Addresses: Department of Mathematics, University of Kalyani, Kalyani 741235, West Bengal, India ' Department of Information Technology, JIS College of Engineering, Kalyani 741235, West Bengal, India

Abstract: This paper presents a genetic algorithm (GA) based fuzzy goal programming procedure for modelling and solving bilevel programming problems having fractional objectives in a hierarchical decision system. In the proposed approach, the concept of tolerance membership functions in fuzzy sets for measuring the degree of satisfactions of the decision-makers (DMs) regarding achievements of fuzzily described objective goals as well as the degree of optimality of the decision vector controlled by the upper-level DM are considered in the decision-making context. The proposed approach leads to achieve the highest membership value (unity) of each of the defined fuzzy goals to the extent possible in the decision-making situation. In the GA search process, the fitter codon selection scheme, two-point crossover and random mutation are adopted to reach a satisfactory solution in the decision-making environment. To illustrate the potential use of the approach, a numerical example is solved.

Keywords: BLP; bilevel programming; FGP; fuzzy goal programming; fuzzy programming; goal programming; GAs; genetic algorithms; tolerance membership functions; modelling; fuzzy sets; decision making.

DOI: 10.1504/IJOR.2012.047515

International Journal of Operational Research, 2012 Vol.14 No.4, pp.453 - 471

Available online: 25 Jun 2012 *

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