Title: A material model for woven commingled glass-polypropylene composite fabrics using a hybrid finite element approach

Authors: Xiang Li, James Sherwood, Lu Liu, Julie Chen

Addresses: Advanced Composite Material and Textile Research Lab, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, USA. ' Advanced Composite Material and Textile Research Lab, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, USA. ' Advanced Composite Material and Textile Research Lab, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, USA. ' Advanced Composite Material and Textile Research Lab, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, USA

Abstract: Woven fabric composites made from commingled fibreglass and polypropylene fibres have the potential to make lightweight structural parts to replace metal structures in automobiles when competitively produced using thermostamping techniques. To expedite the acceptance of such composites, a credible design tool needs to be available to study the associated manufacturing process. For such a numerical method, a material model is required. Because the tows of the fabric are essentially inextensible, shear is the major deformation mode for assuming the stamped shape. The shear mechanical behaviour of fabric is obtained from a shear-frame test. A finite element model using a combination of truss and 2D solid elements is proposed. The truss elements represent the tows and use a nonlinear material model for capturing the increasing stiffness of the tows with increasing tensile strain. The 2D Solid elements capture the interaction between tows and the viscosity of the resin. The bias-extension test is a valuable test for investigating the shear performance of woven fabric composites. Using the finite element method, the bias-extension test is modelled, analysed and compared experimentally to verify the credibility of the woven-fabric material model.

Keywords: bias-extension test; finite element model; finite element method; FEM; glass-polypropylene composite fabric; material model; shear-frame test; composites; shear behaviour; deformation; woven fabric.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMPT.2004.004742

International Journal of Materials and Product Technology, 2004 Vol.21 No.1/2/3, pp.59 - 70

Published online: 14 Jun 2004 *

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