Title: Public policies, tobacco taxes and tobacco consumption: evidence from Hong Kong

Authors: Suwina Cheng

Addresses: Department of Accountancy, Lingnan University, 8 Castle Peak Road, Tuen Mun, Hong Kong

Abstract: This paper examines the impact of statutory policies on the prevalence of smoking in Hong Kong from 1982 to 2010. Different public policy interventions, including tobacco excise duties, bans on tobacco advertising and restrictions of public smoking, are reviewed and their separate and combined effects are empirically measured. The results confirm that increasing the price of tobacco products through taxation is the most effective tool for reducing tobacco consumption. Moreover, the Hong Kong Government's comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising and restrictions on public smoking had a significant and negative impact on smoking prevalence, while the influences of individual policy interventions are less obvious. These results suggest that a comprehensive tobacco control programme is an effective means of reducing tobacco consumption.

Keywords: public health; taxes; smoking prevalence; tobacco consumption; Hong Kong; China; statutory policies; policy interventions; excise duties; taxation; advertising bans; tobacco advertising; smoking restrictions; public smoking; control measures; price increases; tobacco products; government programmes; cigarettes; laws; legislation; public law; public policy.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPLAP.2012.047404

International Journal of Public Law and Policy, 2012 Vol.2 No.3, pp.215 - 228

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 26 Apr 2012 *

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