Title: Optimal power management and powertrain components sizing of fuel cell/battery hybrid electric vehicles based on particle swarm optimisation
Authors: Omar Hegazy; Joeri Van Mierlo
Addresses: Department of ETEC, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussles, Belgium ' Department of ETEC, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussles, Belgium
Abstract: Combining a Fuel Cell (FC), as primary power source, with a Battery Energy System (BES), as an auxiliary source, for high power demands is a promising approach for future hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The powertrain control strategy and the component sizing significantly affect the vehicle performance, cost, vehicle efficiency and fuel economy. This paper presents a developed control strategy for optimising the power sharing between sources and components sizing by using Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO) algorithm. This control strategy implemented on FC/Battery hybrid electric vehicle in order to achieve the best performance with minimum fuel consumption and minimum powertrain components sizing for a given driving cycle with high efficiency. The powertrain and the proposed control strategy have been simulated by Matlab/Simulink. The simulation results have demonstrated that the optimal sizing of the powertrain of FC/battery components and the minimum fuel consumption have been improved by applying the PSO control strategy.
Keywords: FCHEVs; fuel cell HEVs; hybrid electric vehicles; powertrain modelling; IMIPEC; interleaved multiple-input power electronic converter; fuel cell modelling; battery modelling; PSO; particle swarm optimisation; control strategies; power sharing; vehicle design; simulation; fuel consumption; powertrain components; component sizing.
International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2012 Vol.58 No.2/3/4, pp.200 - 222
Received: 11 Oct 2010
Accepted: 23 Feb 2011
Published online: 18 Jun 2012 *