Title: Seaport performance comparison using data envelopment analysis: the case of Iberian container terminals

Authors: João Carlos Quaresma Dias; Susana G. Azevedo; João M. Ferreira; Sérgio F. Palma

Addresses: CENTEC/ISEL/IST – Instituto Superior Técnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal. ' Management and Economics Department, University of Beira Interior, Pólo IV – Edifício Ernesto Cruz, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal. ' Management and Economics Department, University of Beira Interior, Pólo IV – Edifício Ernesto Cruz, 6200-209 Covilhã, Portugal. ' ISEL/DEM Department of Mechanics Engineering, Rua Conselheiro Emídio Navarro, 1, 1959-007 Lisboa, Portugal

Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to assess the performance of the main Iberian container terminals in terms of efficiency. In this research are used multiple case studies to investigate the performance of ten Iberian terminals of different sizes and with different characteristics to rank them in terms of efficiency applying the recursive DEA with Kohonen Self-Organisation Maps (KSOM). The results evidence that the container terminals do have different performance levels and they present different patterns of efficiency. Moreover, the findings allow identifying the better competitor in this industry. This research contributes for policy-makers, seaport authorities, dealers, and researchers to support their decision making and to help define future decision policies in seaport industry. The results are very opportune in actual debate about the seaport industry competitiveness and how the seaports could improve their efficiency.

Keywords: seaports; performance measurement; Malmquist DEA; data envelopment analysis; Iberia; ports; Iberian Peninsula; Spain; Portugal; container terminals; self-organising maps; Teuvo Kohonen; ANN; artificial neural networks; self-organisation maps; performance levels; efficiency patterns; performance comparisons; competitors; policy makers; seaport authorities; dealers; decision making; future policies; decision policies; competitiveness; Algeciras; Alicante; Valencia; Barcelona; Bilbao; Vigo; Leixoes; Lisboa; Sines; Lisbon; business performance; performance management; efficiency management; service sector organisations.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBPM.2012.047304

International Journal of Business Performance Management, 2012 Vol.13 No.3/4, pp.426 - 449

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 15 Jun 2012 *

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