Title: Efficiency study of Indian public sector banks - an application of data envelopment analysis and cluster analysis

Authors: Debaprosanna Nandy

Addresses: Symbiosis School of Banking Management, Symbiosis International University, Symbiosis Knowledge Village, Near Lupin Research Park Village Lavale, Tahasil Mulshi, Pune - 411 042, India

Abstract: In the Indian context, we have seen unfolding of a slew of financial sector reform measures since the early 1990s. Various norms and guidelines are strictly followed to improve the miserable condition of the Indian banking sector. An important objective of these measures is to increase the operational efficiency of the banking sector as a whole as well as of individual institutions. Our efficiency study is based on the financial performances of Indian public sector banks which were badly affected in the question of efficiency. This paper attempts to measure the efficiency of Indian public sector banks using a variety of efficiency measures computed by the non-parametric method of data envelopment analysis (DEA). We will also measure the efficacy of two most widely used models of DEA viz. BCC and CCR in the light of cluster analysis using the same dataset of Indian public sector banks.

Keywords: Malmquist DEA; data envelopment analysis; CCR model; Abraham Charnes; William Cooper; Edward Rhodes; BCC model; Rajiv Banker; cluster analysis; reference units; reference set frequencies; efficiency studies; India; public sector banks; banking; financial sector; reform measures; norms; guidelines; operational efficiency; financial performance; efficiency measures; non-parametric methods; business performance; performance management; efficiency management; service sector organisations.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBPM.2012.047298

International Journal of Business Performance Management, 2012 Vol.13 No.3/4, pp.312 - 329

Published online: 20 Aug 2014 *

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