Title: The moderating impact of Hofstede's cultural dimensions on the relationship between organisational justice and organisational citizenship behaviours: a study in Pakistani work context

Authors: Samina Quratulain; Abdul Karim Khan; Jean-Marie Peretti

Addresses: Suleman Dawood School of Business, Lahore University of Management Sciences, D.H.A, Lahore Cantt, 54792, Pakistan. ' Suleman Dawood School of Business, Lahore University of Management Sciences, D.H.A, Lahore Cantt, 54792, Pakistan. ' ESSEC Business School, Av. Bernard Hirsch, B.P. 50105, 95021 Cergy, France

Abstract: The relationships among employee's work related variables, cultural variables and OCBs are investigated in Pakistani work setting. The study sought to extend the literature by investigating whether individual differences in employees' cultural value orientations effect the organisational justice-OCB relationships. Based on Hofstede's (1980) cultural values framework the dimensions of individualism/collectivism and power distance were hypothesised as moderators of social exchange relationship between employee's perception of organisational justice and OCB. Results demonstrate that organisational justice (distributive and interactional) is strongly related to citizenship behaviour for employees who endorse individualistic orientations. The moderating influence of power distance orientation was not found for the relationship between justice and citizenship behaviour. Findings of the study are discussed in terms of generalisability of citizenship behaviour and its relation to organisational justice and cultural context.

Keywords: organisational justice; organisational citizenship; citizenship behaviour; OCB; individualism; collectivism; power distance; social exchange relationship; Pakistan; Hofstede; cultural values; cultural dimensions; work related variables; employee perceptions; culture; individualism; power distance.

DOI: 10.1504/EJCCM.2012.047089

European Journal of Cross-Cultural Competence and Management, 2012 Vol.2 No.2, pp.149 - 171

Available online: 25 May 2012 *

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