Title: The effects of economic freedom on institutional performance in the Western Balkans countries

Authors: Qerim Qerimi; Bruno S. Sergi

Addresses: Harvard Law School, Harvard University, 1557 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-2995, USA. ' University of Messina, Via T. Cannizzaro, 278, 98122 Messina, Italy

Abstract: Recognising the indispensable role of fighting corruption in the quest for, and measure of, effective institutions, this paper looks into unrecognised or neglected interrelations between corruption and other pertinent indicators that could enhance institutional performance. In particular, it focuses on the correlation, as opposed to causation, that exists between economic freedom and corruption. It situates the inquiry in the societies in transition that roughly belong to the middle-income countries category, which is typically characterised by greater diversity in the incidence of corruption, as compared to uniformly high levels of corruption among low-income and uniformly low levels of corruption among high-income countries. Ultimately, there appears to be a degree of positive correlation between economic freedom and corruption. The more conclusive result is that, higher achievements in the state of freedom correspond to similarly greater degrees of success in controlling corrupt behaviour.

Keywords: corruption; measurement methodologies; economic freedom; economic development; middle-income countries; institutional performance; corrupt behaviour; Western Balkans.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBGE.2012.046103

International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics, 2012 Vol.7 No.1, pp.18 - 36

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 28 Mar 2012 *

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