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Title: The dual reality of the Chinese knowledge economy

Authors: Jakob Arnoldi; Joy Yueyue Zhang

Addresses: Department of Business Administration, Business and Social Sciences, Aarhus University, Haslegaardsvej 10, 8210 Aarhus V, Denmark. ' CADIS Centre, École des hautes études en sciences sociale, 190-198, avenue de France, 75244 Paris Cedex 13, France

Abstract: This paper draws on stem cell research and financial derivatives as two case studies to analyse the role of scientific knowledge and technology in the development of the Chinese knowledge economy. The findings suggest that, despite China's recent commitments in acquiring international expertise, there is a decoupling between knowledge acquisitions and applications in the institutionalisation of knowledge within these sectors. Scientific-based knowledge and professional know-how are on the one hand perceived as prime drivers of China's development, yet they on the other hand remain subordinate to existing administrative infrastructures. The paper further elucidates the causes and implications of this by describing the dual reality of knowledge in relation to an isomorphic process of rationalisation outlined by new institutional organisational theory.

Keywords: institutionalisation; science; knowledge economy; stem cells; financial derivatives; stem cell research; scientific knowledge; technology; international expertise; knowledge acquisition; knowledge application; professional know-how; prime drivers; existing infrastructures; administrative infrastructures; dual reality; isomorphic processes; rationalisation; institutional theories; organisational theories; Chinese culture; Chinese management; China.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCCM.2012.046037

International Journal of Chinese Culture and Management, 2012 Vol.3 No.2, pp.160 - 173

Available online: 22 Mar 2012 *

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