Title: Group model building: a collaborative modelling methodology applied to critical infrastructure protection

Authors: Josune Hernantes; Leire Labaka; Ana Laugé; Jose María Sarriegi; Jose Julio Gonzalez

Addresses: TECNUN – University of Navarra, Paseo de Manuel Lardizabal, N° 13, 20.018, Donostia – San Sebastián, Spain. ' TECNUN – University of Navarra, Paseo de Manuel Lardizabal, N° 13, 20.018, Donostia – San Sebastián, Spain. ' TECNUN – University of Navarra, Paseo de Manuel Lardizabal, N° 13, 20.018, Donostia – San Sebastián, Spain. ' TECNUN – University of Navarra, Paseo de Manuel Lardizabal, N° 13, 20.018, Donostia – San Sebastián, Spain. ' Faculty of Engineering and Science, Institute for ICT, University of Agder, Serviceboks 509, NO-4898 GRIMSTAD, Norway

Abstract: Large crises management, affecting CIs needs multidisciplinary knowledge including technical, economical, social, political, legal and managerial knowledge. Being these crises international a huge variety of agents is involved in their response. This situation concludes in a set of stakeholders who only have fragmented knowledge. In the presence of dispersed and incomplete knowledge, and of fragmented and disrupted crisis management, the collaborative approach group model building (GMB), where modelling experts unify fragmented, tacit knowledge from domain experts, is a valuable option. However, GMB has been little used in CIP. We have done so in the context a European project on crisis management of large-scale power cut crises. Particulars in CIP – variety of time horizons, different national perspectives, and challenges to create an international approach, among others – require adaptations in the GMB approach. This paper describes such adaptations and provides insights for better future collaborative modelling.

Keywords: collaborative modelling; group model building; simulation; critical infrastructures; infrastructure protection; power cuts; crisis management; fragmented knowledge; system dynamics; tacit knowledge.

DOI: 10.1504/IJODE.2012.045904

International Journal of Organisational Design and Engineering, 2012 Vol.2 No.1, pp.41 - 60

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 19 Mar 2012 *

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