Title: Morphology and reactivity of aluminium nanocrystalline powders

Authors: Bérangère André; Marie-Vanessa Coulet; Myriam Dumont; Jacques Rogez; Vasile Heresanu; Benoit Rufino; Renaud Bouchet; Renaud Denoyel

Addresses: IM2NP – UMR 6242 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université, Campus de Saint Jérôme – Case 251, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ' IM2NP – UMR 6242 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université, Campus de Saint Jérôme – Case 251, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ' IM2NP – UMR 6242 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université, Campus de Saint Jérôme – Case 251, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ' IM2NP – UMR 6242 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université, Campus de Saint Jérôme – Case 251, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ' CINaM – UPR 3118 – CNRS, Campus de Luminy – Case 913, 13288 Marseille Cedex 9, France. ' LCP – UMR 6264 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université, Campus de Saint Jérôme, Bat. MADIREL, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ' LCP – UMR 6264 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université, Campus de Saint Jérôme, Bat. MADIREL, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France. ' LCP – UMR 6264 CNRS – Aix Marseille Université, Campus de Saint Jérôme, Bat. MADIREL, 13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France

Abstract: Aluminium powders obtained by mechanical milling are characterised in terms of morphology, nanostructure and thermal properties. Platelets like particles with a thickness in the micrometre range are obtained. It is shown that these platelets are constituted of many nanocrystallites whose size governs the melting behaviour of the powders. Their reactivity towards oxygen is compared with that of spherical particles. Samples obtained by mechanical milling start to be oxidised at a higher temperature the amount of oxidised material is higher than that in the case of spherical particles having the same surface area. Both the thermal behaviour and the reactivity could be explained by the presence of alumina at the grain boundaries. This work shows that the milling process appears as a good alternative to gas condensation methods or wire electro-explosion processes to prepare highly reactive particles.

Keywords: aluminium nanopowders; mechanical milling; reactivity; nanocrystalline powders; nanotechnology; morphology; nanostructure; thermal properties; platelets.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2012.045332

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2012 Vol.9 No.3/4/5/6/7, pp.618 - 629

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 02 Feb 2012 *

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