Title: Widening global access the need for a paradigm shift from excellence to responsibility in international higher education
Authors: Alexander Lenger; Christian Schneickert; Florian Schumacher
Addresses: Albert-Ludwigs University Freiburg, Global Studies Programme, Kollegiengebäude IV, Rempartstrasse 15, 79098 Freiburg i. Br., Germany. ' Institute of Social Sciences, Humboldt University Berlin, Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Unter den Linden 6, 10099, Berlin, 10117, Germany. ' Albert-Ludwigs University Freiburg, Global Studies Programme, Kollegiengebäude IV, Rempartstrasse 15, 79098 Freiburg i. Br., Germany
Abstract: This paper analyses the issue of widening global access, i.e., increasing opportunities for people from the developing countries from the Global South to participate in international higher education. Following Bourdieu it is argued that there are class specific patterns to higher education hidden by the neoliberal postulate of excellence. Using Wallerstein's global system analysis a brief discussion of the global structure is presented. Thereafter, a normative framework is developed using the idea of inclusion and capabilities to legitimise Widening Global Access. Since the capabilities are reproduced unequally the need is for widening participation of students from the developing countries. Widening Global Access means that the comparison between students from the industrialised and developing countries cannot be done on an absolute level but rather a relative approach taking into account the unequal starting position must be applied.
Keywords: globalisation; widening access; widening participation; world systems; world economy; social justice; Pierre Bourdieu; Immanuel Wallerstein; Amartya Sen; universities; global access; excellence; responsibility; international higher education; increased opportunities; developing countries; Global South; South America; Central America; Africa; Asia; neoliberal postulates; neoliberalism; global system analysis; global structures; normative frameworks; inclusion; capabilities; student participation; industrialised countries; management concepts; management philosophy.
International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy, 2011 Vol.5 No.4, pp.354 - 373
Published online: 17 Jan 2012 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article